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Bassoon Makers

Woodcut by Weigel (1698)

AMATI Bassoons

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Amati-Denak and Cerveny instruments are manufactured in the Czech cities of Kraslice and Hradec Kralove respectively. The first factory was established in 1840 in Kraslice. Technical improvements of wind instruments occurred at the beginning of the 19th century with the focus on Austrian and French fingering systems.

By the end of the 19th century there were 11 musical instrument factories in operation. After WWI, production quickly recovered and there were 59 musical instrument manufacturers in the area including such names as Bohland & Fuchs, Huller & Co., A.K. Huttl, Julius Keilwerth, Karl and Vinzenz Puchner, Adolf Rolz, and Ant. Kohlert. However, during the devastation of WWII, many plants ceased to exist while others served military purposes.

In September, 1945, a Cooperative of musical instrument manufacturers was established in Kraslice and because the production of both wind and stringed instruments was anticipated, the Cooperative was given the name "AMATI". In 1948, the Cooperative was nationalized and Kraslice gradually became a center for wind and percussion instrument manufacture.

The Cerveny wind instrument factory was founded in 1842 in Hradec Kralove which is located 100 kilometers east of Prague. The factory was founded by Vaclav Frantisek Cerveny (1819 - 1896), a Czech wind instrument designer. He was a contemporary of Adolph Sax, designer of the saxophone. Cerveny completed his first invention, a rotary valve brass instrument, at the age of 25 and two years after the factory was established.

After 1948, the Cerveny factory merged with AMATI Kraslice and the company became one of the world's largest brass and woodwind manufacturers. In 1973, V.F. Cerveny production moved to a new facility in Hradec Kralove where they continue to build wide bore rotary valve brass instruments.